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» Empowering Vulnerable Local Communities of Albania
Duration: 3 years (July 2010 – July 2013)
Budget: 2,749,600.40 USD
Major Source of Funds: United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security
Location: Tirana, Elbasan, Fier and Durres regions
Short Description: Although the Government of Albania has successfully implemented important political, social and economic reforms, Roma and Egyptian communities have remained largely outside the benefits of growth. 80 percent of the Roma community lives below the poverty line due to socio-economic exclusion and discrimination.
A 2006 UNDP Study on the social vulnerability of Roma reveals that 55 percent of this group aged 15 years and younger are illiterate, compared to only two percent of the non-Roma population. As many as 20 percent of Roma households, but less than one percent of non-Roma households, reside in slum areas, living in inadequate shelters, or huts with no access to potable water or sewers. The official data on the health of Roma in Albania is scarce but it is estimated that life expectancy for Roma is 10 years lower than the rest of the population. These figures demonstrate that poverty among Roma and Egyptian communities has a multidimensional and chronic character. The causes of poverty and social exclusion for Roma and Egyptians in Albania but can be summarized as deriving from income poverty, inadequate living conditions, and a lack of access to public goods and services such as healthcare and public education, the labour market, as well as access to civic registration and security.
In light of these concerns, Albania was selected as a pilot country for the One UN reform initiative in January 2007. The One UN Programme in Albania aims to enhance development results and impact by bringing together the comparative advantages of the UN system within a single strategic programme. The issue of Roma and marginalised groups has been set as a priority area for inter-agency collaboration due to its multi-dimensional and cross cutting nature.
Key Intervention Goals and Programme Activities:
1. Participatory development planning in marginalized communities
2. Access to rights
3. Policies and institutional strengthening for minority inclusion
Names of Implementing Organizations:
The programme will coordinate the activities and draw on the expertise and know-how of participating UN agencies to implement the specific project components in accordance with the mandate of the following agencies.
UNDP will focus efforts on policy reform, institutional strengthening, community mobilization and participatory development planning, access to public services, community policing and vocational training.
UNV will promote access to services and service delivery; social inclusion and participation; and community mobilization through voluntary action.
UNHCR will provide technical assistance to UNDP and UNICEF in the area of ‘stateless persons’ supporting registration and vital documentation for the legal recognition of marginalized communities though it will not directly implement programme activities.
UNICEF will support child protection, children registration, pre-school education and psychosocial support to assist children’s education, as well as access to primary healthcare services for children.
UNFPA will support access to primary healthcare services by training community health mediators to promote healthy behaviour change in the community and also train health care providers on providing minority-friendly health care services.
Participating UN agencies will partner with The Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities (MoLSAEO), The Ministry of Interior (MoI), The General Directorate of the State Police, The Ministry of Health, The Ministry of Education, The Training Institute of Public Administration (ITAP) and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs).
Signed Programme Document - ENG