Governance and Rule of Law
We trust you will ﬁnd information contained in the report comprehensive and illustrative of the impact the Program has achieved and the challenges that still lie ahead.
In our capacity as co-chairs of the Joint Executive Committee, we are delighted to present to
you the 2015 Annual Progress Report for the current Government of Albania–United Nations
Programme of Cooperation 2012-2016.The present report looks back at the fourth
and penultimate year of the Programme’s implementation. It highlights our joint endeavours
to advance human rights, empower women and girls to ensure a more sustainable
future, teach youth skills for better jobs,combat the effects of climate change, improve
basic services for citizens and access to justice,give a boost to the economy, tackle inequalities,
combat corruption and build an inclusive society.
In 2015, Albania held local elections following the new administrative division of the country,
a landmark reform led by the government and supported by the UN. The elections marked
great progress in the political participation of women, with a 50-50 quota on party lists, resulting
in women holding a record-setting 35 percent of municipal council seats across the
country. This should encourage further political participation of women, as well as contribute
to better mainstreaming of gender issues in planning, implementation and monitoring
of local polices and interventions.
In June 2014, Albania received EU candidacy status. In September 2015, Albania adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), alongside all other Member States of the United Nations. In early 2016, the Government issued its National Strategy for Development and (European) Integration (NSDI II) 2015-2020.
These key events and ambitions underpin the United Nations’ Programme of Cooperation for Sustainable Development (PoCSD) with the Government of Albania for sustainable development. Albania’s objective of European integration is a main driver of a broad programme of reform and is a shared political priority. The UN System will assist Albania achieve its SDG targets by supporting the pursuit of full European integration, as expressed in the NSDI, with a rights-based and inclusive approach.
Albania has made much progress over the last five years. Key reforms include a territorial reorganization alongside new local elections in 2015, a decriminalization law and a package of constitutional reforms focused on justice. The Government either met or registered significant progress towards nearly all of the Millennium Development Goals.
The Government of Albania and United Nations Programme of Cooperation for Sustainable Development 2017-2021 Joint Work Plans and Activities identifies four major outcomes that respond to priorities that are aligned with the NSDI 2015-2020 and Sustainable Development Goals. Each Outcome is assigned to a Result Group (Outcome Group) providing oversight and support for planning, monitoring and evaluation for results-based management and performance-based funding.
Outcome Groups advise the Joint Executive Committee and UN Country Team, as appropriate, on opportunities and challenges linked to the implementation of the Programme of Cooperation for Sustainable Development 2017-2021. Outcome Groups are responsible for operationalizing the Programme through development and oversight of 2-year rolling Outcome Joint Work plans. The Joint Work Plans describe the specific joint results to be achieved - both at the outcome and output level- and form an agreement between the UN system agencies and Government on the use of resources. Outcome Groups are positioned within the existing national coordination architecture – Integrated Policy Management Groups - to maximize coordination and minimize additional transaction costs. Each Outcome Group is led by the Outcome Co-Chairs, namely Chair of the relevant Integrated Policy Management Group and one or two UN Heads of Agencies. Outcome Groups bring together Government, UN and development partners in their deliberations.
Each Outcome Group is comprised by UN Output Working Groups with the participation of the government and development partners that contribute to the specific outcome. At the technical level, under the leadership of the Outcome Co-Chairs, the Output Working Groups prepare, implement and monitor the Joint Work Plans.