Social Cohesion

PROGRESS REPORT 2015

6 April, 2017

In our capacity as co-chairs of the Joint Executive Committee, we are delighted to present to
you the 2015 Annual Progress Report for the current Government of Albania–United Nations
Programme of Cooperation 2012-2016.The present report looks back at the fourth
and penultimate year of the Programme’s implementation. It highlights our joint endeavours
to advance human rights, empower women and girls to ensure a more sustainable
future, teach youth skills for better jobs,combat the effects of climate change, improve
basic services for citizens and access to justice,give a boost to the economy, tackle inequalities,
combat corruption and build an inclusive society.

In 2015, Albania held local elections following the new administrative division of the country,
a landmark reform led by the government and supported by the UN. The elections marked
great progress in the political participation of women, with a 50-50 quota on party lists, resulting
in women holding a record-setting 35 percent of municipal council seats across the
country. This should encourage further political participation of women, as well as contribute
to better mainstreaming of gender issues in planning, implementation and monitoring
of local polices and interventions.

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Programme of Cooperation for Sustainable Development UN Sustainable Development Framework 2017-2021

29 May, 2017

In June 2014, Albania received EU candidacy status. In September 2015, Albania adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), alongside all other Member States of the United Nations. In early 2016, the Government issued its National Strategy for Development and (European) Integration (NSDI II) 2015-2020.

These key events and ambitions underpin the United Nations’ Programme of Cooperation for Sustainable Development (PoCSD) with the Government of Albania for sustainable development. Albania’s objective of European integration is a main driver of a broad programme of reform and is a shared political priority. The UN System will assist Albania achieve its SDG targets by supporting the pursuit of full European integration, as expressed in the NSDI, with a rights-based and inclusive approach.

Albania has made much progress over the last five years. Key reforms include a territorial reorganization alongside new local elections in 2015, a decriminalization law and a package of constitutional reforms focused on justice. The Government either met or registered significant progress towards nearly all of the Millennium Development Goals.

 

Joint Work Plan and Activities

Joint Work Plan 2017-2018 - Outcome 2 Social Cohesion

Joint Work Plan 2018-2019 - Outcome 2 Social Cohesion

Joint Work Plan 2019-2020 - Outcome 2 Social Cohesion

The Government of Albania and United Nations Programme of Cooperation for Sustainable Development 2017-2021 identifies four major outcomes that respond to priorities that are aligned with the NSDI 2015-2020 and Sustainable Development Goals. Each Outcome is assigned to a Result Group (Outcome Group) providing oversight and support for planning, monitoring and evaluation for results-based management and performance-based funding.

Outcome Groups advise the Joint Executive Committee and UN Country Team, as appropriate, on opportunities and challenges linked to the implementation of the Programme of Cooperation for Sustainable Development 2017-2021. Outcome Groups are responsible for operationalizing the Programme through development and oversight of 2-year rolling Outcome Joint Work plans. The Joint Work Plans describe the specific joint results to be achieved - both at the outcome and output level- and form an agreement between the UN system agencies and Government on the use of resources.   Outcome Groups are positioned within the existing national coordination architecture – Integrated Policy Management Groups - to maximize coordination and minimize additional transaction costs. Each Outcome Group is led by the Outcome Co-Chairs, namely Chair of the relevant Integrated Policy Management Group and one or two UN Heads of Agencies.  Outcome Groups bring together Government, UN and development partners in their deliberations.

Each Outcome Group is comprised by UN Output Working Groups with the participation of the government and development partners that contribute to the specific outcome. At the technical level, under the leadership of the Outcome Co-Chairs, the Output Working Groups prepare, implement and monitor the Joint Work Plans.

Programme of cooperation for sutainable Developmen 2017-2021

 

Financial Overview

This section provides an overview of the financial resources required, available and projected to be available/ mobilized, for the delivery of outputs (and activities, when applicable) defined in the Joint Work Plans per each Outcome of the Government of Albania and United Nations Programme of Cooperation for Sustainable Development 2017-2021.

An estimated available budget of USD 20 million is planned for the implementation of UN initiatives in support of the country’s priorities in 2017. In addition, UN agencies will engage in the mobilization of another USD 14 million through the support of partners in the country – government and other partners.

Meanwhile, the full PoCSD 2017-2021 implementation requires USD 108 million worth of technical assistance and investments over five years, using core resources from the global UN system but also drawing on local financial support from development partners and the government.

For detailed information on the breakdown of funds per outcome, please see information on the Joint Work Plans.

Financial Information 2017 - Outcome 2 Social Cohesion

Partners

Successful implementation of this outcome will require the efforts of multiple partners, including:

  • Line Ministries and relevant institutions (Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth; Ministry of Health; Ministry of Education and Sports; Ministry of Interior Affairs)
  • Local Governments
  • Local Child Protection Units
  • Development Partners
  • Parliament
  • Civil Society
  • Professional Associations
  • Academia
  • Media
  • EU
  • National Institute of Statistics (INSTAT)
  • Institute of Public Health (IPH)
  • Health Insurance Fund

UN Agencies that will contribute to outcome 2 are: UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UN Women, IAEA, UNAIDS, WHO and IOM.

Participating UN Agencies

UN Agencies that will contribute to outcome 2 are: UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UN Women, IAEA, UNAIDS, WHO and IOM.

For more information, please see Joint Work Plan 2017-2018 - Outcome 2 Social Cohesion.

Links with NSDI priorities and the SDGs

The outcome is expected to support the GoA to achieve NSDI II priority 5 to invest in people and greater social cohesion. The National Strategy for Development and (European) Integration (NSDI II) 2015-2020 asserts that people are the country’s greatest resource and their security and well-being are a central under-pinning for economic growth and prosperity. To contribute to this outcome, the expected outputs and initiatives of UN programme support will provide access to good practice global policies and models, expertise and support for the implementation of international norms and standards, and will promote new skills, and more inclusive systems and ways of working that can help to reach vulnerable groups. Key elements of the NSDI II targeted for support are:

  • A modern educational system that has students’ needs and interests at its core;
  • Universal, quality health care system accessible to all  resident Albanians;.
  • Expanded employment opportunities, especially for women;
  • Systems to help measure and support decision-making for the financial sustainability social security system;
  • A stronger social protection system;
  • Social inclusion where society enables all Albanians equal access;
  • Gender equality and equality of opportunity; and
  • Processes and strengthen cooperation and partnership between government and civil society.

 

 UN programme support will also contribute to GoA efforts to achieve several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and targets from the following list:

SDG

Target

Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere Goal

1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable

Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages 

3.1 By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births

3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births

3.3 By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases, other communicable diseases

3.4 By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being

3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes

3.8 Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services

Goal 4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes

4.2 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education

4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations

Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere

5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation

5.4 Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies, and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate

5.6 Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the ICPD and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences

Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries

10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality

Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development..

16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere

16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children

16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels

 

Vulnerable groups

This outcome will respond to: Children;                 Youth; Women; Minorities; People/Children with special needs or disabilities; Elderly people; Poor households;      Single parent households; Families without shelter; Rural population; Migrants, refugees, people/children on the move, returning migrants; Victims of violence and human trafficking;                 Children exploited, abused, neglected, trafficked, and involved in labour, unregistered children; People living with HIV/AIDS; Men who have sex with men (MSM); Injecting drug users (IDU); Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBTI) persons; Victims of environmental degradation.